neighborhood/cellular niches analysis with spatial transcriptome data in Seurat and Bioconductor

Spatial transcriptome cellular niche analysis using 10x xenium data go to There is a lung cancer and a breast cancer dataset. Let’s work on the lung cancer one. 37G zipped file! wget unzip sudo tar xvzf cell_feature_matrix.tar.gz cell_feature_matrix/ cell_feature_matrix/barcodes.tsv.gz cell_feature_matrix/features.tsv.gz cell_feature_matrix/matrix.mtx.gz read in the data with Seurat We really only care about the cell by gene count matrix which is inside the cell_feature_matrix folder, and the cell location x,y coordinates: cells.

scRNAseq clustering significance test: an unsolvable problem?

Introductioon In scRNA-seq data analysis, one of the most crucial and demanding tasks is determining the optimal resolution and cluster number. Achieving an appropriate balance between over-clustering and under-clustering is often intricate, as it directly impacts the identification of distinct cell populations and biological insights. The clustering algorithms have many parameters to tune and it can generate more clusters if e.g., you increase the resolution parameter. However, whether the newly generated clusters are meaningful or not is a question.

How to do gene correlation for single-cell RNAseq data (part 2) using meta-cell

In my last blog post, I showed that pearson gene correlation for single-cell data has flaws because of the sparsity of the count matrix. One way to get around it is to use the so called meta-cell. One can use KNN to find the K nearest neighbors and collapse them into a meta-cell. You can implement it from scratch, but one should not re-invent the wheel. For example, you can use metacells.

How to do gene correlation for single-cell RNAseq data (part 1)

Load libraries library(dplyr) library(Seurat) library(patchwork) library(ggplot2) library(ComplexHeatmap) library(SeuratData) set.seed(1234) prepare the data data("pbmc3k") pbmc3k #> An object of class Seurat #> 13714 features across 2700 samples within 1 assay #> Active assay: RNA (13714 features, 0 variable features) ## routine processing pbmc3k<- pbmc3k %>% NormalizeData(normalization.method = "LogNormalize", scale.factor = 10000) %>% FindVariableFeatures(selection.method = "vst", nfeatures = 2000) %>% ScaleData() %>% RunPCA(verbose = FALSE) %>% FindNeighbors(dims = 1:10, verbose = FALSE) %>% FindClusters(resolution = 0.

transpose single-cell cell x gene dataframe to gene x cell

Single cell matrix is often represented as gene x cell in R/Seurat, but it is represented as cell x gene in python/scanpy. Let’s use a real example to show how to transpose between the two formats. The GEO accession page is at Download the data We can use command line to download the count matrix at ftp: wget -O ~/blog_data/GSE154763_ESCA_normalized_expression.csv.gz # decompress the file gunzip GSE154763_ESCA_normalized_expression.csv.gz # this GEO matrix is cell x gene # take a look by https://www.

use random forest and boost trees to find marker genes in scRNAseq data

This is a blog post for a series of posts on marker gene identification using machine learning methods. Read the previous posts: logistic regression and partial least square regression. This blog post will explore the tree based method: random forest and boost trees (gradient boost tree/XGboost). I highly recommend going through for related sections by Josh Starmer. Note, all the tree based methods can be used to do both classification and regression.

My odyssey of obtaining scRNAseq metadata

I want to curate a public scRNAseq dataset from this paper Single-cell analyses reveal key immune cell subsets associated with response to PD-L1 blockade in triple-negative breast cancer ffq I first tried ffq, but it gave me errors. ffq fetches metadata information from the following databases: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus, SRA: Sequence Read Archive, EMBL-EBI: European Molecular BIology Laboratory’s European BIoinformatics Institute, DDBJ: DNA Data Bank of Japan, NIH Biosample: Biological source materials used in experimental assays, ENCODE: The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements.

Matrix Factorization for single-cell RNAseq data

I am interested in learning more on matrix factorization and its application in scRNAseq data. I want to shout out to this paper: Enter the Matrix: Factorization Uncovers Knowledge from Omics by Elana J. Fertig group. A matrix is decomposed to two matrices: the amplitude matrix and the pattern matrix. You can then do all sorts of things with the decomposed matrices. Single cell matrix is no special, one can use the matrix factorization techniques to derive interesting biological insights.

dplyr::count misses factor levels: a case in comparing scRNAseq cell type abundance

It is very common to see in the scRNAseq papers that the authors compare cell type abundance across groups (e.g., treatment vs control, responder vs non-responder). Let’s create some dummy data. library(tidyverse) set.seed(23) # we have 6 treatment samples and 6 control samples, 3 clusters A,B,C # but in the treatment samples, cluster C is absent (0 cells) in sample7 sample_id<- c(paste0("sample", 1:6, "_control", rep(c("_A","_B","_C"),each = 6)), paste0("sample", 8:12, "_treatment", rep(c("_A","_B", "_C"), each = 5))) sample_id<- c(sample_id, "sample7_treatment_A", "sample7_treatment_B") cell_id<- paste0("cell", 1:20000) cell_df<- tibble::tibble(sample_id = sample(sample_id, size = length(cell_id), replace = TRUE), cell_id = cell_id) %>% tidyr::separate(sample_id, into = c("sample_id", "group", "clusterid"), sep= "") cell_num<- cell_df %>% group_by(group, cluster_id, sample_id)%>% summarize(n=n()) cell_num ## # A tibble: 35 x 4 ## # Groups: group, cluster_id [6] ## group cluster_id sample_id n ## <chr> <chr> <chr> <int> ## 1 control A sample1 551 ## 2 control A sample2 546 ## 3 control A sample3 544 ## 4 control A sample4 585 ## 5 control A sample5 588 ## 6 control A sample6 542 ## 7 control B sample1 550 ## 8 control B sample2 562 ## 9 control B sample3 574 ## 10 control B sample4 563 ## # … with 25 more rows total_cells<- cell_df %>% group_by(sample_id) %>% summarise(total = n()) total_cells ## # A tibble: 12 x 2 ## sample_id total ## <chr> <int> ## 1 sample1 1673 ## 2 sample10 1713 ## 3 sample11 1691 ## 4 sample12 1696 ## 5 sample2 1633 ## 6 sample3 1700 ## 7 sample4 1711 ## 8 sample5 1768 ## 9 sample6 1727 ## 10 sample7 1225 ## 11 sample8 1720 ## 12 sample9 1743 join the two dataframe to get percentage of cells per cluster per sample

customize FeaturePlot in Seurat for multi-condition comparisons using patchwork

Seurat is great for scRNAseq analysis and it provides many easy-to-use ggplot2 wrappers for visualization. However, this brings the cost of flexibility. For example, In FeaturePlot, one can specify multiple genes and also to further split to multiple the conditions in the If is not NULL, the ncol is ignored so you can not arrange the grid. This is best to understand with an example. library(dplyr) library(Seurat) library(patchwork) library(ggplot2) # Load the PBMC dataset pbmc.